People have been captivated by the mighty gas giant Jupiter for centuries, with its powerful swirling clouds and the iconic glowering red eye… really interesting, but we’ve no idea what lies beneath those colorful cloud layers, until now!
Tuesday, March 8, 2016 the sun, Earth and Jupiter are lined up in a straight line with Earth in the middle, thus means that Jupiter and the sun will be on opposite sides of the sky, when sun sets in the west, Jupiter will rise in the east. The phenomena is called Jupiter opposition.
So far, NASA’ Kepler Space Telescope and other exoplanet survey missions have found thousands of alien planetary systems with nearly 2,000 confirmed exoplanets.
This June, skywatchers will have an opportunity to observe in the western sky — less than an hour after sunset — the two brightest planets in the night sky, Venus the brightest planet, and Jupiter as they are going to converge for a jaw-dropping close encounter.
As astronomers have gained the ability gaze at far-off exoplanets, they have started to realize our solar system is more unique than they could have imagined. Many other alien’ systems have ‘super-Earths’ and other planets in tight orbits close to their star, but ours does not. And now we might know why.
Believe it or not, astronomers are abuzz about another sea that may be a home for life, and it’s not on Saturn’s Titan or Enceladus, or Jupiter’s icy satellite Europa. New data suggests Jupiter’s moon Ganymede, the largest in the solar system, has an underground ocean which contains more water than all of Earth’s surface water combined, according to NASA.
On February 6, 2015, Jupiter comes closest to Earth on its opposition date, coming to within 404 million miles (650 million kilometers) of Earth. Earth passes more or less between the sun and Jupiter, placing Jupiter opposite the sun in our sky. Astronomers call this event an opposition of Jupiter.
Large enough to swallow three planets the size of the Earth, Jupiter’s Great Red Spot (GRS) is the greatest and most persistent anticyclonic storm in the Solar System, having raged in the planet’s atmosphere for at least 400 years.
Jupiter’s Great Red Spot seems to be on a cosmic diet, shrinking rapidly before our eyes. Jupiter’s Great Red Spot might be, quite literally, the perfect storm: It’s a swirling, anti-cyclonic vortex that’s big enough to engulf three Earths and has been raging in the atmosphere of the solar system’s largest planet for at least 400 years.
Beyond Mars lie the planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. These giant gas balls have no solid surface and thus no possibility of volcanic activity. Any such action in this part of the solar system would have to be on a planetary moon.