Geoscientists from Brown and Columbia universities have run a set of experiments designed to understand how much heat is created when ice is deformed.
We’re big fans of Jupiter’s moon Europa. I mean, who wouldn’t be? It’s a weird-looking world with a bunch of crazy, colorful cracks, a thin atmosphere of oxygen, and probably a deep ocean of liquid water beneath its surface, too.
NASA is working hard on a variety of scientific missions and has big plans to send a robotic mission to Jupiter’s moon Europa. Europa has long been thought to be one of the most likely locations to hold life outside of the Earth in our solar system. NASA is gearing up to launch the mission by the mid 2020s thanks to a boosted budget that it received for 2016.
NASA agency has no official plans for a mission to the Jovian moon, whose icy crust covers a watery ocean in which life could theoretically exist.
Like its jovian sibling IO, Europa is experiencing many changes, but it’s devoid of fire. The satellite is only slightly smaller than our Moon, and water ice coats its surface. Deep down, though, it is not as cold as it looks: Europa is not frozen solid.