The Hawaiian island of Niihau has a population of 130, comprised of native Hawaiians. It is closed off to non-Hawaiians with the exception of a few tours and hunting safaris. On the island they speak Hawaiian and at the school they are taught to survive off of the island’s resources.
7. In the 19th Century, Father Damien, a Catholic Priest, volunteered to help an island leper colony of Molokaʻi, saying “I make myself a leper to be with the lepers.” There he turned shacks into painted houses, cultivated farms, and started schools. Doing so, he contracted leprosy himself. He was canonized a saint in 2009.
8. On the Indonesian island of Tana Toraja, if a baby dies before he starts teething, the family cuts a hole in a tree and places the dead child inside. The tree regrows around the baby and absorbs it.
9. During the Nazi occupation of Greece, the mayor of the island of Zakynthos was ordered to make a list with the names of all Jews on the island. The list handed over to the Nazis contained two names: the mayor’s and the islands Bishop. All Zakynthos Jews survived the Holocaust.
10. In 1933, a Japanese school girl committed suicide by jumping into a volcanic crater on the island of Oshima. This act started a bizarre trend in Japan, and in the following year 944 other people (804 men and 140 women) leapt into the same crater.