Water was crucial to the rise of life on Earth and is also important to evaluating the possibility of life on other planets. Identifying the original source of Earth’s water is key to understanding how life-fostering environments come into being and how likely they are to be found elsewhere.
Stars such as the sun usually form clusters along with other stars. Many of them are spread out, allowing the stars to drift apart, although others are more intense with gravity keeping the stars closer together. Today, the sun stands alone which makes astronomers wonder that our star and its solar system had either been evicted from its original cluster or moved away from its sibling stars around 4.5 billion years ago.
Stars like the sun may end up alone but they are born in stellar nurseries, with a thousand — or a hundred thousand — siblings. Over time, the family disbands, victims of gravitational nudges and other tidings after 4.5 billion years of life in the cosmos.
The Sun or Sol, is the star at the centre of our solar system and is responsible for the Earth’s climate and weather. The Sun is an almost perfect sphere with a difference of just 10km in diameter between the poles and the equator. The average radius of the Sun is 695,508 km (109.2 x that of the Earth) of which 20–25% is the core
In the late 18th century, two scientists (John Michell and Pierre Simon Laplace) separately theorized that a star could be so massive that not even light could escape its surface. But nothing more was made of these “dark stars” until the 20th century, when Albert Einstein published his general theory of relativity.
Someday in the very distant future – about 5 billion years from now – our sun begins to lose its “power”, running out of fuel, it will be the beginning of the end. The existence of the central star of our solar system will come to end. We know what it looks like today’s Sun, but how will look the dying sun?