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CosmosUp | September 25, 2018

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Most Bizarre Newfound Exoplanets That Will Amaze You

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Most Bizarre Newfound Exoplanets That Will Amaze You

More than 2000 planets have been found beyond our solar system and many of them are remarkable strange and unique, planets that are more like science fiction worlds, confounding our best scientists through their existence. So, here’s our top list of the most bizarre newfound exoplanets we’d detected over the recent years.

1 Planet J1407b (22 ian. 2015): is located 434 light-years away from Earth and pose planetary rings that are 200 times larger than Saturn’s rings are today.

Scientists don’t completely understand how this strange planet managed to acquire rings of such an enormous size. The Rings of J1407b are so large that, if Saturn’s rings were as large, they would dominate the Earth’ sky in appear much larger than a full moon.[artistic illustration]

The details that we see in the light curve are incredible. The eclipse lasted for several weeks, but you see rapid changes on time scales of tens of minutes as a result of fine structures in the rings,

said Matthew Kenworthy.

The star is much too far away to observe the rings directly, but we could make a detailed model based on the rapid brightness variations in the starlight passing through the ring system. If we could replace Saturn’s rings with the rings around J1407b, they would be easily visible at night and be many times larger than the Full Moon.

2 (4 Dec 2013) Inside the Crux constellation approximately 300 light years away from us, lies the ‘loneliest’ planet in the known universe. Dubbed HD 106906 b, this planet is 11 times more massive than Jupiter, a super-Jupiter as astronomers called it.

HD 106906b orbits its parent star at a distance that is 650 times the average distance between the Earth and the sun. It’s extremely unusual distance from its star makes it one of the loneliest and isolated planets in existence. [artistic illustration]

This system is especially fascinating because no model of either planet or star formation fully explains what we see,

said Vanessa Bailey.

Discoveries like HD 106906 b provide us with a deeper understanding of the diversity of other planetary systems.

3(25 June 2015) Gliese 436b, a recently discovered ice planet, is about the size of Neptune orbiting a red-dwarf star 33.4 light-years away in the constellation Leo. Wild out alone may not be very surprising.

What is surprising about Gliese 436b is that it’s so close to its parent star that its icy surface is constantly on fire. So, you may be wondering how could this happen? How could ice of all things burn constantly? Well, astronomers have determined that the reason why Gliese 436b’ icy surface never melts, despite the hellish inferno on its surface, is because of gravity! The gravitational force of Gliese 436b is so strong, the ice covering its surface is physically prevented from evaporating, leaving the planet perpetually enveloped in icy flames.[artistic illustration]

 

 

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